Idaho Gun Laws

idaho gun laws

Idaho Gun Laws are based on the State Constitutional Provision that says, “The people have the right to keep and bear arms, which right shall not be abridged; but this provision shall not prevent the passage of laws to govern the carrying of weapons concealed on the person, nor prevent passage of legislation providing minimum sentences for crimes committed while in possession of a firearm, nor prevent passage of legislation providing penalties for the possession of firearms by a convicted felon, nor prevent the passage of legislation punishing the use of a firearm. No law shall impose licensure, registration or special taxation on the ownership or possession of firearms or ammunition. Nor shall any law permit the confiscation of firearms, except those actually used in the commission of a felony.”

Similar to most states, Idaho Gun Laws are very lenient. Under these laws, a permit to purchase guns, registration of firearms and licensing of owners are not required. Open carry of firearms is also permitted. However, a permit to carry is required for handguns.

Rules and Restrictions Under Idaho Gun Laws

Here is a brief discussion of the things allowed and prohited by Idaho Gun Laws:

1. Idaho Gun Laws allow purchase of guns from contiguous states. Likewise, residents of contiguous states are also permitted to purchase guns in Idaho as long as it does not violate any federal or state laws.

2. A person under 18 years old is not allowed to purchase or posses a gun unless with the consent of his legal guardian or parent and he is engaged in organized competition involving guns, lawful target practice, hunting with license or undergoing firearm safety training. Likewise, it is prohibited to sell or give rifle or shotgun ammunition above .22 caliber to a person under 16 without the approval of his legal guardian or parent.

3. The possession or use of firearm of a person intoxicated or convicted of felony is illegal. However, once the civil rights of the person has been restored or the judgment of the crime has already been served or nullified, that’s the time he can own a firearm.

4. The possession of firearms in school premises or properties is prohibited. Only those involved in school activities that use guns or officially allowed by law are exempted from this rule.

5. A child under 12 is not allowed to possess a gun while hunting unless he is accompanied by an adult licensed to hunt in Idaho and the child is a holder of a youth small game license or youth hunter education graduate license.

6. A person is not allowed to carry a concealed weapon without a permit outside his legal residence, business or real property.

7. Traveling with a concealed weapon is allowed only if the carrier has a concealed weapon permit. In addition the handgun must be stored safely in a container and it is either disassembled or unloaded.

8. A person’s application for concealed carry permit is automatically denied if he has been formally charged with an offense punishable by imprisonment of more than a year. This includes an individual who has been adjudicated guilty of an offense imprisonable for one year. This also covers a fugitive from justice, controlled substance abuser, mentally impaired, dishonorably discharged from the armed forces, illegal alien, someone who has renounced his US citizenship or a subject of a court restraining order.

9. A person applying for a permit must submit all the prescribed documents, pay the required fees and fill up the necessary formed required by the Idaho state police.

10. A permit to carry is issued to a person at least 21 years old. However, an individual between 18 to 21 years of age may still be allowed by the sheriff within reasonable grounds and if there are no legal impediments preventing the person from carrying or possessing a gun.

11. Machine guns are allowed to be owned, sold or transfered as long as it is duly registered with the state and subject to the provisions of federal and Idaho Gun Laws.

Validity of Permits Issued Under Idaho Gun Laws in Other Jurisdictions

Permits issued under Idaho Gun Laws are honored in the following states:

  1. Alabama
  2. Alaska
  3. Arizona
  4. Arkansas
  5. Colorado
  6. Florida
  7. Georgia
  8. Indiana
  9. Iowa
  10. Kansas
  11. Kentucky
  12. Louisiana
  13. Michigan
  14. Missouri
  15. Montana
  16. Nebraska
  17. New Hampshire
  18. New Mexico
  19. North Carolina
  20. North Dakota
  21. Ohio
  22. Oklahoma
  23. Pennsylvania
  24. South Carolina (enhanced permits only)
  25. South Dakota
  26. Tennessee
  27. Texas
  28. Utah
  29. Vermont
  30. West Virginia
  31. Wisconsin
  32. Wyoming (enhanced permits only)

On the other hand, these states are recognized by Idaho Gun Laws:

  1. Alabama
  2. Alaska
  3. Arizona
  4. Arkansas
  5. California
  6. Colorado
  7. Connecticut
  8. Delaware
  9. Florida
  10. Georgia
  11. Hawaii
  12. Indiana
  13. Iowa
  14. Kansas
  15. Kentucky
  16. Louisiana
  17. Maine
  18. Maryland
  19. Massachusetts
  20. Michigan
  21. Minnesota
  22. Mississippi
  23. Missouri
  24. Montana
  25. Nebraska
  26. Nevada
  27. New Hampshire
  28. New Jersey
  29. New Mexico
  30. New York
  31. North Carolina
  32. North Dakota
  33. Ohio, Oklahoma
  34. Oregon
  35. Pennsylvania
  36. Rhode Island
  37. South Carolina (enhanced permits only)
  38. South Dakota
  39. Tennessee
  40. Texas
  41. Utah
  42. Virginia
  43. Washington
  44. West Virginia
  45. Wisconsin
  46. Wyoming (enhanced permits only)

Preemption

Idaho Gun Laws expressly state that no county, city, agency, board or political subdivision of the state should regulate in any manner the issuance of firearms, its parts and ammunitions.