North Dakota Gun Laws

north dakota gun laws

North Dakota Gun Laws are based on the Article 1, Section 1 of the State of North Dakota’s Constitution which reads, “All individuals… have certain inalienable rights, among which are… to keep and bear arms for the defense of their person, family, property, and the state, and for lawful hunting, recreational, and other lawful purposes, which shall not be infringed.”

In general, North Dakota Gun Laws do not require permit to purchase, registration of guns and licensing of firearm owners. However, a permit to carry is required for people possessing concealed handguns in public areas not prohibited by federal and state laws.

Validity of Permits Issued Under North Dakota Gun Laws in Other Jurisdictions

Many states recognize permits issued under North Dakota Gun Laws, these are:

  1. Alabama
  2. Alaska
  3. Arizona
  4. Arkansas
  5. Colorado
  6. Delaware
  7. Florida
  8. Georgia
  9. Idaho
  10. Indiana
  11. Iowa
  12. Kansas
  13. Kentucky
  14. Louisiana
  15. Maine
  16. Michigan
  17. Missouri
  18. Montana
  19. Nebraska
  20. New Hampshire
  21. New Mexico
  22. North Carolina
  23. Ohio
  24. Oklahoma
  25. Pennsylvania
  26. South Dakota
  27. Tennessee
  28. Texas
  29. Utah
  30. Vermont
  31. Virginia
  32. Washington
  33. West Virginia
  34. Wisconsin
  35. Wyoming

On the other hand, permits issued from these states are honored by North Dakota Gun Laws:

  1. Alabama
  2. Alaska
  3. Arizona
  4. Arkansas
  5. Colorado
  6. Delaware
  7. Florida
  8. Georgia
  9. Idaho
  10. Indiana
  11. Iowa
  12. Kansas
  13. Kentucky
  14. Louisiana
  15. Maine
  16. Michigan
  17. Missouri
  18. Montana
  19. Nebraska
  20. New Hampshire
  21. New Mexico
  22. North Carolina
  23. Ohio
  24. Oklahoma
  25. Pennsylvania
  26. South Carolina
  27. South Dakota
  28. Tennessee
  29. Texas
  30. Utah
  31. Virginia
  32. Washington
  33. West Virginia
  34. Wisconsin
  35. Wyoming

Key Provisions of North Dakota Gun Laws

Here are the rules and regulations expressly stated under North Dakota Gun Laws:

1. Anyone who wants to engage in dealing handguns must have a federal license to sell. He should also send a copy of the federal license to the chief of police of the city or sheriff of the county where he is allowed to sell handguns within seven days after receiving of the said license.

2. Legally purchasing a gun in states contiguous to North Dakota is allowed.

3. It is prohibited to sell a handgun to a minor or an individual below 18 years old. However, giving or lending a handgun to a minor is allowed if he will be using it under the direct supervision of a competent adult.

4. North Dakota Gun Laws do not allow the possession or ownership of a gun of a person convicted of felony. This applies even if the conviction stemmed from another place.

5. A person guilty of Class A misdemeanor involving violence or intimidation wherein the crime was committed while in possession of a firearm or deadly weapon is disqualified from acquiring a gun. He can only retain such right once five years has lapsed from his date of release from incarceration or probation.

6. A person diagnosed or determined by the court as mentally ill for the past three years is not allowed to carry or possess a handgun.

7. It is illegal for a person to possess or sell a shotgun with a barrel length below 18 inches or a rifle with less than 16 inches of barrel length. Likewise, it is unlawful to possess or trade a shotgun or rifle with an overall length of less than 26 inches. Law enforcement officials, members of the armed forces or other persons allowed by National Firearms Act to possess such types of weapons in their line of duty are exempted from this prohibition.

8. Possessing a firearm (even with a permit to carry) in an establishment serving liquor, gaming site or public gathering is not allowed. However, the same persons mentioned in the preceding item are exemptions including the people who are participating in lawful activities involving guns, and individuals who are carrying guns securely in their vehicles or residence.

9. A special permit is required in order to be allowed to carry a loaded gun.

10. Concealed handguns are only allowed to be carried outside the dwelling place or place of business of a person between one hour before sunrise and one hour after sunset. This comes with the condition that the gun should be unloaded.

11. A person in possession of a concealed firearm must be able to produce his license upon the demand of the authorities. Failure to do so is an indication that the weapon is being carried unlawfully.

12. The possession of a machine gun is allowed if the possessor is carrying it in compliance to the National Firearms Act and laws of the State.

13. The Miscellanous Provisions of North Dakota Gun Laws restricts a private person from firing a firearm within a city. Individuals who are only doing so in self defense, serving as law enforcement officials, or participating in lawful activities involving guns are excluded from this restriction.

14. Removing or altering the identifying marks of a handgun is prohibited. The possession of a firearm in this condition shall automatically mean that the carrier has made the alteration or removal.

15. Since North Dakota Gun Laws make no mention about antique firearms, they are automatically treated as ordinary firearms.

Concealed Carry License Requirements

A person who wishes to apply for a concealed carry permit must fulfill the following conditions set by North Dakota Gun Laws:

1. Should have a valid and lawful reason in carrying a concealed firearm.

2. Does not possess any of the disqualifying factors related to gun-possession.

3. Must be able to submit all the documentary requirements, pay all the fees and successfully undergo the necessary background checks.

4. Should pass the proficiency test and safety training required by the State.

Preemption

The right to regulate firearms and ammunition is entirely reserved to the state legislature under North Dakota Gun Laws.