The basis of Oregon Gun Laws lies in the Article 1, Section 27 of the State of Oregon’s Constitution which reads, “The people shall have the right to keep and bear arms for the defense of themselves and the state, but the military shall be kept in strict subordination to the civil power.”
In general, Oregon Gun Laws do not require permit to purchase, registration of firearms and licensing of gun owners. However, a handgun permit to carry is required when a person wishes to carry a pistol or revolver in places outside his residence, place of business or other properties. Carrying a firearm even with a permit is still subject to the restrictions posed by federal and state laws though which will be discussed in the next section of this article.
Key Provisions of Oregon Gun Laws
In addition to the general rules stated above, here is a closer look at the requirements and restrictions of Oregon Gun Laws:
1. Acquiring a rifle or shotgun from the states contiguous to Oregon is allowed as long as the acquisition and transport of the gun does not violate any laws.
2. It is illegal to transfer or sell any type of firearm to a person under 18 years old. However, a temporary transfer of a rifle or shotgun due to the participation of a minor in a target practice, hunting or other lawful activities is allowed as long as the transfer is made by his parent, legal guardian or any adult authorized by his parent or legal guardian.
3. A person whose civil rights have been suspended due to a conviction of felony, presence of an outstanding warrant, under pretrial release for a felony charge, or convicted of a misdemeanor in the past four years is barred from acquiring or possessing a gun. This also applies to an individual who is included in the Health Division Registry list or someone committed in the Department of Human Services.
4. A person convicted of a felony is allowed to possess a firearm if he meets the following conditions:
- The offense was declared to be a misdemeanor, at the time of judgment by the court.
- If the offense of marijuana possession and conviction for such offense was prior to January 1, 1972.
- Only one felony is committed which does not involve criminal homicide, or possession or use of firearm or switchblade knife. This only applies though if the individual is already discharged from imprisonment, parole or probation fifteen years prior.
- A relief from disability has been granted by court or the record of the person has been expunged.
5. Sellers, pawnbrokers or otherwise must maintain a record of every handgun sold. It should include the important details of the trade or transfer such as its date, parties involved in the transaction, and the model, serial number and brand of the handgun.
6. A copy of the transaction record must be submitted to the local police and state police for checking. The transfer or delivery must not be made without the permission of the approving authority.
7. A person is allowed to possess a handgun without a license for concealed carry if he is under any of these situtions:
- He possesses a gun at his residence or place of business.
- Belongs to any organization or agency authorized by law to purchase, receive or possess weapons.
- Active and honorably retired law enforcement officials.
- Active or on reserve duty under the US Armed Forces.
- A licensed hunter or fisherman while performing lawful hunting or fishing, or when going to and from the hunting or fishing destination.
- A licensed merchant that engages in transporting or trading firearms.
8. The possession of a machine gun or its components is allowed as long as it is registered in conformity with existing federal laws of the US. This rule also applies to the possession of a silencer, short-barrelled shotgun or short-barrelled rifle.
9. Setting a loaded spring gun is prohibited unless for the purpose of hunting burrowing rodents.
10. Altering or removing the identification marks of a firearm is illegal. Likewise, the possession of firearm with obliterated or altered markings is unlawful.
11. Pointing a firearm at a person is punishable by law, except in self defense.
12. Discharging a gun along public roads, railway right of way, ocean shores or public recreational areas is not allowed.
13. Carrying a firearm, whether loaded or unloaded, in a public building is prohibited. Examples of public buildings are hospitals, court houses, schools (including private) or government facilities.
Concealed Carry Permit Requirements
Anyone who wishes to secure a concealed handgun license must be able to fulfill the following requirements:
1. Must be a US citizen and at least 21 years old. A legal resident alien may be allowed if he can present documents that would prove his continuous residency in the county for at least six months and has complied with the immigration requirements set forth by law.
2. Has principal residence in the county where the application is made.
3. Does not possess any of the disqualifying factors stated in the item number 3 of the previous section of this article.
4. The person must display competence in the proper and safe use of a handgun.
5. Not mentally ill or undergoing psychological treatment in a mental facility.
6. Has already been discharged from the jurisdiction of the juvenile court for more than four years (if adjudicated delinquent).
7. Not a subject of a court protective order.
8. Not charged with stalking.
9. Must be able to completely fill up and submit the forms required, provide all the necessary documents, and pay all the fees imposed by the Department of State Police.
Validity of Permits Issued Under Oregon Gun Laws in Other Jurisdictions
Only few states recognize permits issued under Oregon Gun Laws, these are:
- North Carolina
- South Dakota
On other hand, Oregon Gun Laws do not honor permits issued from other states.
Oregon Gun Laws reserve the exclusive right to make amendments in the regulation of guns and ammunition to the State Legislature.